ARISTOTLE HERITAGE AND EUTHANASIA - A Systematic Study of Ethics As an Effort to Understand the Virtue
Author: ANDRI AZIS PUTRA, M. Phil, Lecturer and Secretary of Office of International Affairs at Universitas Proklamasi 45 Yogyakarta – Indonesia.
Euthanasia is one of the modern ethical problem that got a lot of attention in recent decades. Questions about the legality of the law over euthanasia is certainly requires in-depth study in the field of ethics. As other thorny ethical issues, euthanasia is always discussed on at least two opposite sides. So it needs a basic explanations about the issues and agree on a core definitions for euthanasia. Virtue Ethics as one of the oldest branches of ethics in the history of human life becomes the last hope to reconcile the dispute concerning the validity of the implementation of euthanasia. As the beginning of everything, Aristotle became the most influential figure in establishing the role of primacy. Although in the discussion as a whole, the role of Aristotle more accurately described as a historical figure for the philosophers who come and inherit his thoughts. Aristotle, by virtue ethics that are passed into the hands of humans today, is expected to explain and provide solutions to the problem of euthanasia, which until this moment still shake the stage of human morality.
Keywords: Aristoteles, euthanasia, virtue ethics, humanity.