The important contribution of Aristotle's “Pagan Doctrine” for the work of St. Thomas Aquinas Summa contra gentiles
Inocent-Mária V. Szaniszló, Vicerector for Science, Research, Editions work, grants politic and international relationship and Head of Department of ethics of University Danubius, Sladkovicovo, Slovakia
At the time of St. Thomas Aquinas, it was not easy to understand other religions. Especially it is not because the spread of religion was associated with power and war. But exactly St. Thomas has the so-called "Pagan Doctrine" of Aristotle introduced into Christianity. In the eyes of many Orthodox Christians, this was an unforgivable mistake. With this doctrine has been the natural moral law in the Catholic theology introduced. But this reintroduction of Aristotle (if not as a revolution) in the Christian philosophy is still not done without obstacles. Chesterton says that St. Thomas corrected Plato with Aristotle, who has things taken so as he found them. Thomas takes also things so as they are created by God. Whether this theory is correct or not, it is very valuable to think that truth and faith cannot stay in contradiction toward each other, and at all, everything that a science brings to the world´s light, cannot be in contradiction to the faith. In the works of St. Thomas is always the world of positive creation at present. And to this history break was very helpful Aristotle, who was born just before 2400 years ago.
In our work, we want to analyse the conditions of the Time of dialogue with Islam and Judaism as the focus for the summary of the Summa contra Gentiles, with an ideas of M.-D. Chenu, O. H. Pesch, J. Weisheipl, K. G. Chesterton and others who show us a picture of the not easily accessible but still encounter with other religions and also show the danger conceals in an inconsequent philosophy.