Agora feature is the part of the ongoing activities within the framework of the discussion of the Global Philosophy Group, founded by Peter Cobbe ( Editor-in-Chef of e-magazine "Philosophy Cosmos" ) and managed by Olivera Z. Mijuskovic ( Editor-in-Chief of "Philosophical Views"). !!! All rights reserved!!!
Whether philosophy can shed light on the most serious issues that affecting humanity at this time - global development, refugee crisis, world economic crisis, cultural heritage and others?
Which area of philosophy can offer answers?
Is there a danger of simplifying philosophy through populist message of self-identified philosophers who don`t have much to do with philosophy?
We want to hear your thoughts and suggestions.
Global Philosophy Group
Simon Young Philosophy doesn't answer with myths like science; philosophy seeks to understand the question.
Olivera Z. Mijuskovic, PhM Ok, philosophy asks the question, if the question is well posed and the answer is in sight, is not it? The question may be part of the solution. What part of philosophy can ask the best questions today? Can you explain these relationship between myth and science, please?
Erik Hoogcarspel I would put my money on the further development of Richirian transcendental phenomenology, because it is transcultural and exposes the nomadic meanings that are at the root of conceptual problems. Richir himself stated a comment to that effect in 2014. This would be used to investigate the values in our present economic system and the way we deal with technology, science and information and put selfpractices again in the centre of human concerns.
Paulo Ghiraldelli Of course Philosophy can shed light on problems in this time. Philosophers have worked on this.
Adam Seligson To start, my reply to this first question you're asking is what you mean by 'shed light' on these issues. I take this to mean something like giving us as human beings a clear direction or idea of how to do what we can to remedy these issues. To that end I'm not sure that I think it is fair or right to make it the job of philosophy to provide a solution to complicated ethical dilemmas such as these. I think it is more-so the duty of ethical and moral human beings to make the right decisions when faced with a situation that demands the guidance of a sound moral compass. I also think it is safe to say that one does not need to study Kantian ethics or moral philosophy to be an ethical or moral person. It is certainly difficult to say that there exists one 'correct' answer when bringing to mind issues such as those aforementioned. We can be utilitarians and say whatever creates the most happiness in all situations is what the 'good' is, but we know that this can't always be true given the relevant circumstances. Perhaps in some cases, but not all. At any rate, I think philosophy can at best provide guidance and help us to think clearly about how these issues came to be in the first place, what is at stake, and what we can do as human beings to ensure we do the right thing. In that sense, I would say that philosophy can absolutely shed light on issues such as these. Can it provide a rigid and true-in-all-cases answer? No, I don’t think so, but I do think it is reasonable to suggest that it can give insight. For the second question, I would say all areas of philosophy can offer answers, or at the very least some sort of explanation or story, to these issues. The answers may or may not be satisfactory, to our liking, or entirely intuitive, though they are answers nonetheless. Finally, for the third, I think there is a tendency in popular culture to simplify just about everything if the whole of it requires extensive study or careful attention. In television series about medicine or medical care, for example, all medical or surgical procedures are fairly cut and dry (no pun intended) with little to no explanation involved in the process. For entertainment purposes among other things, the television show cannot go into great educational detail about the complexities of human anatomy relative to the performing of an open-heart surgery. The whole act of performing the surgery passes by within minutes, ignoring the tireless hours that it takes to actually do something of that nature. As a result, you have people that think they are medical experts because they have watched every season of House, ER, Scrubs, and Grey’s Anatomy. This is true of more or less every field of expertise or study, I think. Is it a problem? Maybe. Spreading misinformation (or overly simplified information) can lead to misunderstanding, misinterpretation, and under-appreciation for what is at hand, I think. If it is true that most (if not all) things marketed in popular culture are done so for the sake of entertainment and attention-grabbing purposes, it is likely that those things are poorly or at the very least rudimentarily understood. You wouldn’t want to hear from someone who had little to no experience as an architect telling you how to build your house, e.g.
Roberto Rocha I'm not pessimistic but I have to admit that the issues that involve us in this crucial moment of humanity are much more practical than philosophical. Are much more material than spiritual. More down-to-earth than metaphysics. That way I have a strange feeling that she cannot change this scenario so efficiently and effectively. Leads to an reflection on the chaos installed; but I don't think it's the best alternative for this terrible crisis in relations of man with nature and with himself. The immediate economic world and supplanted the musing about the disposable and durable. Have replaced parts of our body for electronic materials and metal. Will they try to replace our souls or any other more appropriate name? There is this sense of existential futility by which there would no longer be more a matter of being, but about how we could call this new mode of being in the world?
Izidio Pimenta I believe philosophy cannot solve the todays problems since violence,terrorism and world economics troubles are involved.The solution,in my point of view , is restore the way of global education for humanity and respect to nature in all senses.Rethinking to new forms of life including the enviroment.
Olivera Z. Mijuskovic, PhM Dear colleagues, many thanks for very interesting answers. Erik Hoogcarspel, thanks for this useful information about Richirian transcendental phenomenology. Adam Seligson Thanks for the detailed response. Very interesting. Roberto Rocha You said: ~More down-to-earth than metaphysics.~ My question is: Is already in contemporary philosophy there is a clear shift to the complete elimination of metaphysics in philosophy? Izidio Pimenta ~global education for humanity and respect to nature~ This can be ethical and bioethical issues. Some philosophers discussing about the cognitive and moral enhancement actually provide an answer to the reduction of violence (terrorism and crime) in the world (Savulescu, Harris, etc.). Could this be the key of the solution or part of the solution?
István Király V. Philosophy can "answer" - and not "solutioned" - only Philosophical problems, or, only the philosophical aspects of the problems.
Laurent R Duchesne We need to take a better look at the cold hard facts. We have made huge technological advances, but spiritually and therefore politically, we have been stuck in time for the last two thousand years. For Humanity to solve its spiritual and political problems, it needs to conclusively figure out the relationships that exist between being, matter, and space. Before we can move forward, we need to make up our minds between fantasy and reality, we have to choose between superstition and reason.
Bob Kastigar Plato, in "The Republic" argued that philosophers should be kings or rulers. Maybe if we had more philosopher-kings today many of the present problems would not have arisen.
Olga Polyakova Section of Philosophy - Ontology and knowledge theory. Asked by accident, so - "shed light", but in this issue iest answer! The evolution of living beings, like the stairs, go to the graduation of the optical spectrum of electromagnetic radiation and each graduation corresponds to the level of development of the animal kingdom: unicellular, multiplication division (Red), multicellular, Reproduction (orange) moving insects (yellow), fish with cardio vasculature (green), birds and mammals, including people (blue), followed by the relationship between the entities - the herds, flocks, the tribes, the choice of the leader, human society (blue), wisdom, letters, laws, religion, art, culture, architecture, cities, history, nationality, philosophy (Purple) - it's all the visible spectrum of light and observe it corresponds to the chakras in a living organism - chakras using a living organism is adjusted to the physical reality. Next come the light of the invisible spectrum and there is construction of reality intelligent beings (noosphere) - intelligent work of the brain of each individual, science, politics, government systems that combine different cities, nationality, religion (ultraviolet), then turns on intuition (clairsentience, clairvoyance, clairaudience, clairgnosis), contemplative dialogue on the subtle planes - someone speaks with divine beings, someone with not quite divine essence someone (atheists) - with his conscience (transparent glowing, some see a halo over his head at the holy men). These gradations of light correspond to the distribution of celestial bodies in the star system, including in the solar system and life of living beings, it is in accordance with the number of years of the planets in the star system. Some plants and insects live 1 year (circulation of the Earth around the Sun), the animals and birds live, basically, about 12 years (the cycle of Jupiter, blue) - note. Mind you, over this time the wise live, if not reasonable, animals and birds. People in the past lived for about 30 years, except where reasonable people (the cycle of Saturn, purple) - war, disease, sacrifice - this is when the society was built on a minimum of literacy, religion and religious wars, when they built the city-state, walled because of the constant wars. Further, people have learned to negotiate with each other, began to form of state with different peoples, cultures and religions, began to develop international trade, science, higher education, reason prevailed over reason - and, mind you, people began to live about 84 years (the cycle of Uranus, ultraviolet ). What is happening in the world? We are trying to dip into religious conflicts, ie, return to the level of religious wars, and as a result what happens? The life expectancy of about 30 years, and general ignorance. Although mankind has yet can develop in the direction of positive evolution - the life expectancy the life expectancy of Neptune (transparent radiant) will be about 168 years. As Neptune is also the development of medical science, seeking the means to prolong life, and nanotechnologies developed by Neptune, and the divine absolute one for all religions corresponds to this level of evolution. A daleechelovek will live about 240 years Pluto (radiation) that possess peaceful nuclear energy.
William Bauser We have become a world of populism and personalism thinkers who are more concerned with social political survival pursuits for constructed arguments of power. Philosophy is the love of wisdom and we need be developing our intelligences not as technological experts but as endeavors of developing standards of reasoning through the investigations of the anti reason acts of the populist and personalist as they effects and affect our world. I have written several articles regarding this to which some are listed on my profile page.
Roberto Rocha Olivera Z. Mijuskovic, PhM. The down-to-Earth expression does not eliminate the philosophy in any way. The point is that the devastation of forests, loss of biodiversity, among others, are contemporary realities that are rapidly consuming our chances of survival in a few years. My question is if the philosophical approaches will have all this time to discuss these urgent issues and lead to every human being a deeper reflection in time for such changes.
William Bauser The poor me mentality of the boolean arguers make the pursuit of philosophy clearer as not as an endeavor of the bio-chemical methodology absolutely but as pursuing the effects of the reducible and irreducible methods have affected mankind's inhumane thinking regarding man.
Yes, it can (and must! – due to its natural prerogative as the Metascience, combining and enveloping under the common and widest possible ambrella – reliable data or knowledge of all sciences on the most general laws of Nature and all of us, Human Beings. Which area of philosophy can offer answers? Philosophy by definition can`t and mustn`t be partinionalized or taken apart. All such attempts are unnatural and contrproductive. It can work only as an integral whole. And it has to be an Applied Philosophy – i.e., oriented at real human problems. If I only could believe in God, I would add Amen).
William Bauser Humanity is an anthropomorphic bias regarding the definition of being human which looks at history on the one hand as a reconciliation with a bias construct for labor, see what I can do, of intolerance and on the other hand as an axial age of transcendence of mankind as of an open society. Both have an intent of talking about nothingness as symbols or metaphors, or archetypes to which there is no reality but a world of fantasy.
Steve Male Of Course. The question surely is do we have the right questions?
William Bauser What is the nature of the fantasy and how does emerge through alternative consciousness is one response to the development of intelligence and reason. What is the nature of mythical narratives, for example, ritual, and abstract thinking as formal thinking and types
Abraham J. Palakudy Philosophy need to be understood as the discipline that looks at the most deepest level of causes,cutting through all layers of causes at surface and deeper levels. Philosophers dive to the bottom of reality, for finding root causes. So, their observations need to be heard with all seriousness. They shed all world identities in the process, and get themselves reduced to pure drop of awareness, like in the most intimate,known spiritual act. At this level, they are not party to any world-level institutions, fags and identities. So, common men, not accustomed with the possibility and dimensions at such deep level of inquiry, might find the utterances of true philosophers absurd and unreal, and might laugh at and discard them. They must continue their inquiry, and share it with the world, expecting that, at least a future generation will find the worth of their findings!
Cornelia Esianu The categorical imperative is not something that comes from outside. Everyone should follow her or his own conscience by respecting the humanity in herself/himself and in the others.
Ulrich de Balbian No philosophy can not give practical and eternally true answers to the following socio-political questions - unless the word philosophy is stretched so that is has little meaning. There exists social, political and economic discourses that deal with those problems. Which area of philosophy can offer answers? None - it does not lie within the scope or task of the philosophical discourse to give answers as were the case during the Greek city states, Rome, the Middle Ages - because what used to be considered areas and questions of philosophy are dealt with, successfully, by the many sciences and discourses that have been differentiated since those days. For example the ontological speculations of the pre-Socratic philosophers are dealt with Theoretical Physics. Do not look for a reason and rationale for the existence of philosophy and philosophizing in religion/s as the philosophical and religious discourses are completely different, each with its own norms and aims. Philosophers cannot fabricate answers to factual questions out of thin air in their ivory towers. They might contribute to insights and understanding, but not produce more factual information or knowledge - insights and understanding that might assist in the development of wisdom, complemented by the sage's own personal experience.
Michael Farrell Philosophy provides tools with which to understand, evaluate and recommend. I don't think it provides solutions so much as options. Nor, should it. As Marx contended, "Philosophers try to explain the world. The Key is to change it..." or the difference between infinite efforts to understand versus actually doing something. Ultimately, we left with Aurelius, and "any improvement, however small, is no mean accomplishment."
Jeffery Lyons The list (global development, etc, etc, etc) are not things most of us can do much about (except voice opinions perhaps). But such big problems can be addressed in the long term, at a fundamental grass-roots level, by influencing children’s ideas and values. As Kahlil Gibran put it: Will ever the day come when the wise will band together the sweet dreams of youth and the joy of knowledge? Each is but naught when in solitary existence. Will ever the day come when Nature will be the teacher of man and Humanity his book of devotions and Life his daily school? Youth’s purpose of joy – capable in its ecstasy and mild in its responsibility – cannot seek fulfilment until knowledge heralds the dawn of that day. [Kahlil Gibran]
Jonathan van Nieuwaal It would be somewhere in the interdisciplinary domain between different fields of philosophy.
GRAZIA MESSINA The philosophy has no answers but it helps to conquer them, as Socrates taught. Cultivate rationality, reflection, critical thinking is now the only way to recover the sense of humanity and confidence in social action.
Suranganie Dayaratne Philosophy has an answer to the confused mind, thus helping to solve the problems according to the understanding and realization.
Forum participants were eminent professors from around the world.